?CASINOS ASSOCIATED TO DIFFERENT CABARETS IN HAVANA CITY?

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Gallery Image


One of the main principles in the course of organized gambling in Cuba was the need to conjugate it with musical shows that would attract potential costumers. The fact of having rooms with similar characteristics to those of a casino, where it was easy to set tables and disguise the activity that was generally forbidden, led some of the city’s amusement centres to begin operating casinos since the late 1930’s. Even though these weren’t officially authorized or advertised by the media, they did make juicy profits.

As mentioned in other pages, Fulgencio Batista’s seizing power for the second time brought about the beginning of a new era of opening and increase of organized gambling that culminated with the enactment of 2074 Decree-law on January 27th 1955 that provided for license granting to set up gambling facilities in those centres with an investment superior to one million pesos. Because of this, many centres of the previously mentioned kind, that operated combining both activities, flourished quickly bringing about a great variety of such establishments openly operating during the last period of republican power in Havana. Tropicana, Montmartre, Sans-Souci, Nacional Night Club, Morocco Club, etc. could be listed as examples. Some were new, and others had existed for decades.

This page is devoted to those centres, except Tropicana that deserved a chapter on its own because of its importance. Its content will include in addition to the chips they issued various images and references related to their occurrences and the figures responsible for their emergence and operation.

Let’s see something of their history:


Montmartre

Some aspects about the history of this centre have already been dealt with in the page of introduction to this subject matter. Located in a privileged position in Vedado, on P street between 23 and 25, near the seafront and only a few blocks away from the National Hotel, this centre existed since the 1930’s under the name “Molino Rojo”.

Already in the 1940’s, it became property of Indalecio Pertierra aka “Neno Pertierra”, an influential congressman and president of the “Compañía Operadora del Hipódromo Oriental Park” (Oriental Park Racecourse’s Operating Company), who was always connected to the gaming and gambling circles. He introduced in its facilities a gaming room that although not openly authorized operated without problems because of his influence. With ups and downs, it remained operating like this until early 1950’s, when it became property of his brother Efren, who also owned Monseñor restaurant. At the time, the casino was the target of numerous complaints regarding irregularities and cheating due to the presence in its premises of several figures of the American underworld. But in 1952, with Batista seizing power gambling restrictions became more flexible bringing about tighter control. Meyer Lansky appeared around that time, buying part of the property and radically changing the gambling system and the centre’s staff mostly by experienced professionals in the field coming from the United States who brought back the prestige the centre had lost in the previous years.

Montmartre usually took pride of great artistic performances in the cabaret that gave it its name. These wonderful productions were staged with the cabaret’s own orchestra and corps de ballet, and outstanding local and international artists. And so, for decades it remained among the top of its kind amidst the tough competition at the time.

However, despite its success, it wasn’t among the casinos operating in December 1958. It had been shot down months before due to the famous attack to Blanco Rico, who was killed there by a revolutionary commando.

About its chips we can say they are among the most diverse and beautiful within the Cuban collection. There are different series corresponding to different times of its existence. The lovely issue “creast and seal” with the number 7 of its roulette tables and 5 different colours is one of the most wanted by collectors. The fact that the centre was closed on January 1 allowed the survival of its chips, because it wasn’t destroyed. Especially those issued in the late 1950’s are pretty easy to get.


Sans Souci

The cabaret “Sans Souci” (which translates “Careless”) was one of the referents of Havana’s night life throughout the republican period. Founded and registered as an amusement centre and restaurant since the 1920’s, it was one of the most successful ones in the country. Located in the outskirts, about ten kilometres away from the city centre and less than a hundred meters from the central highway leading to the west, very close to the developing area west of town that was being filled by the bourgeoisie, this establishment met all requirements to remain in the preference of local and foreign costumers. Its ambiance was very similar to that of Tropicana’s, because it was located in a rural area where tropical vegetation was abundant. Since it was so far away from a populated area, the shows could be offered practically outdoors. Its architecture reminded that of an old Spanish villa, in which gardens and arcades most activities took place. Thanks to all this, the centre enjoyed glorious times as well as all the bad ones without being never permanently shut down.

Let’s move on to what interests us, its relation with games of chance. Given its characteristics and remoteness, Sans Souci was able to introduce gambling in its premises without much difficulty since the very beginning using for that purpose a small room joined the casino area. But this was rather a gambling den that was even the first centre to introduce the famous dice game named “razzle” in 1952. Although it made great profit, it also brought many problems and a very bad reputation. Because of this, the casino was shut down for a long time until 1955 when there was a change in the management led by Lefty Clark, a well-known figure in the Miami’s gambling circles. He invested almost a million dollars in remodelling the centre, rebuilding it and enlarging its premises to a capacity of 1100 people sitting outdoors keeping enough indoor capacity for rainy evenings. It reopened during the high season of 1956.

The new gambling room was completely indoors and had the usual roulette, dice, and black jack tables. This establishment even introduced a new dice game allowing gamblers to bet against one another and not against the house (that would only charge a percentage), which had great acceptance especially among the Americans in the west area. In addition, a magnificent bingo was introduced that became a great attraction among Havana’s upper classes attracting hundreds of people daily and awarding big prises like thousands of pesos, new cars, etc. An elegant bar was also built named Salón Nevada with a separate show behind close doors.

Raúl González Jerez was the centre’s manager at the time, although it was really ran by the members of the American group. Already in late 1958, this was the most important of the several casinos ran by Santos Traficante in town.

Although it wasn’t destroyed by the masses like many others, during the first months of the revolutionary government if confronted difficulties to operate due to the lack of gamblers, especially American tourists that were generally the best costumers. It finally ceased operations when the show centre as such was closed for good on April 7th 1959 because of trouble with Carlos Faxas’ orchestra. Faxas claimed payment for the band, and there were no funds.

As to its chips there are many questions, especially regarding its chips with value. Although there is a beautiful series of the classic roulette chips “crest and seal” (with the numbers of the seven tables and five different colours) chips with value belonging to that series remain unknown. The only known chips of this kind are two of 25 and 50 pesos the design of which makes them correspond with the early 1940’s. Instead of a name, they used the crown that characterized the centre’s logos apparently to avoid a direct identification in order to avoid trouble. These are displayed at the beginning of our gallery.


Casino del Rio

This centre was lavishly projected, with all necessary requirements to compete with the best in town, and located in a privileged neighbourhood, halfway between the airport and the city, on the banks of Almendares river. It was ready to be inaugurated in late 1958, but Batista’s flight thwarted the ambitious plans its investors had for the opening. In this case, it is interesting that even though it never functioned its chips frequently appear in different areas in town.

Interesting details can be read about this centre’s conception and characteristics in an article of the Show magazine of November 1958 included in our gallery and recommended by us to those interested in its ephemeral history.


Cabaret Nacional

The Cabaret Nacional, also known as “Nacional Nite Club”, located in the basement of the Galician Centre, few steps away from the corner of Prado and San Rafael, was an establishment that included a small room for gambling within its premises taking advantage of the 2074 Decree-law that granted licenses to set up new casinos to any amusement centre assessed in over 200 000 pesos. It was inaugurated in August 1956 with a few tables for cards and dice games, rather focusing on the high quality artistic productions it offered, because the regular local clientele wasn’t the most suitable to make great profits through gambling.

Apparently, it issued very few chips, limited to a series of rather low values suitable for the kind of gambling that was practiced in its premises.

As it was only to be expected, given its central location and easy access, it was totally destroyed by the masses on January 1st 1958, which maybe justifies these chips being so rare.


Morrocco Club

This was a minor centre, for local costumers of low means; rather a gambling den that on the other hand had the great advantage of being located on one of Havana’s most popular corners, on Neptuno and Prado, right next door to Telégrafo hotel. Because of this, it issued few chips that are currently very hard to obtain because this was one of the first establishments to be completely destroyed by the masses on January 1959. An image published in the report of the Bohemia de la Libertad (Bohemia of Freedom) enclosed in this page testifies to that.


Details of the sample:

In addition to the chips of the casinos described above, we have included at the end of this page’s gallery a pretty large group of images that include photos, printed matters, postcards, advertisements, equipment, furniture and fittings, etc. related to these establishment’s history. Their list is the following:

No. -- Description -- Color

A-01 -- Obverse: chip value $25, Set “Habana Night Club Casino” with the crown-type logo used by Sans-Souci. -- Cream/gray

A-01r -- Reverse: chip value $25, Set “Habana Night Club Casino” with the crown-type logo used by Sans-Souci. -- Cream/gray

A-02 -- Obverse: chip value $50, Set “Habana Night Club Casino” with the crown-type logo used by Sans-Souci. -- Cream/black

A-02r -- Reverse: chip value $50, Set “Habana Night Club Casino” with the crown-type logo used by Sans-Souci. -- Cream/black

    

B-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 1, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

B-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 1, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

B-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 1, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

B-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 1, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

B-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 1, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Green

B-06 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 2, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

B-07 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 2, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

B-08 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 2, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

B-09 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 2, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

B-10 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 2, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Green

B-11 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 3, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

B-12 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 3, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

B-13 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 3, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

B-14 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 3, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

B-15 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 3, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Green

B-16 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 4, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

B-17 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 4, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

B-18 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 4, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

B-19 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 4, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

B-20 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 4, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Green

B-21 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 5, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

B-22 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 5, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

B-23 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 5, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

B-24 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 5, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

B-25 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 5, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Green

B-26 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 6, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

B-27 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 6, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

B-28 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 6, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

B-29 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 6, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

B-30 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 6, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Green

B-31 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 7, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

B-32 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 7, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

B-33 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 7, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

B-34 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 7, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

B-35 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 7, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Green

    

C-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

C-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Wine red

C-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Green

C-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value, Set “Sans-Souci Nite Club Casino” Imprinted in the center. -- Orange

    

C-11 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value, Set “G C – Gene Castro?” Imprinted in the center. (Attributed to Sans-Souci) -- Green

    

D-01 -- Obverse – chip value 1 Peso – Set “C M – Casino Montmartre”. -- Violet

D-01r -- Reverse – chip value 1 Peso – Set “C M – Casino Montmartre”. -- Violet

D-02 -- Obverse – chip value 5 Pesos – Set “C M – Casino Montmartre”. -- Brown

D-02r -- Reverse – chip value 5 Pesos – Set “C M – Casino Montmartre”. -- Brown

D-03 -- Obverse – chip value 25 Pesos – Set “C M – Casino Montmartre”. -- Green

D-03r -- Reverse – chip value 25 Pesos – Set “C M – Casino Montmartre”. -- Green

    

E-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value, Set “Montmartre” written in circle. -- Red

E-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value, Set “Montmartre” written in circle. -- Brown

    

F-01 -- Obverse – chip value 1 Peso, Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Black/yellow

F-01r -- Reverse – chip value 1 Peso, Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Black/yellow

F-02 -- Obverse – chip value 1 Peso, Table 3 – Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Brown

F-02r -- Reverse – chip value 1 Peso, Table 3 – Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Brown

F-03 -- Obverse – chip value 1 Peso, Table 7 – Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Brown

F-03r -- Reverse – chip value 1 Peso, Table 7 – Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Brown

F-04 -- Obverse – chip value 5 Pesos – Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Rojo/Crema

F-04r -- Reverse – chip value 5 Pesos – Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Red/cream

F-05 -- Obverse – chip value 5 Pesos, Table 4 – Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Brown

F-05r -- Reverse – chip value 5 Pesos, Table 4 – Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Brown

F-06 -- Obverse – chip value 5 Pesos, Table 5 – Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Brown

F-06r -- Reverse – chip value 5 Pesos, Table 5 – Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Brown

    

G-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 50 Cent. - Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Yellow

G-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 1 Peso - Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Red

G-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 5 Pesos - Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Wine red

G-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 25 Pesos - Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Green

G-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 100 Pesos - Set “Montmartre” written in semicircle. -- Black

    

H-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 1, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

H-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 1, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

H-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 1, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

H-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 1, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

H-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 2, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

H-06 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 2, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

H-07 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 2, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

H-08 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 2, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

H-09 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 3, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

H-10 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 3, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

H-11 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 3, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

H-12 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 3, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

H-13 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 4, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

H-14 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 4, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

H-15 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 4, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

H-16 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 4, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

H-17 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 5, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

H-18 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 5, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

H-19 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 5, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

H-20 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 5, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

H-21 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 6, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

H-22 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 6, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

H-23 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 6, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

H-24 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 6, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

H-25 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 7, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

H-26 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 7, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

H-27 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 7, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

H-28 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table 7, Set “Montmartre” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

    

J-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 1 Peso - Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Gray/red

J-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 5 Pesos - Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Red/orange

J-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 25 Pesos - Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Green/blue

J-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 100 Pesos - Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Black/cream

J-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip value 1000 Pesos - Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Violet/yellow

    

K-01 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table A, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

K-02 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table A, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

K-03 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table A, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

K-04 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table A, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

K-05 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table A, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Dark brown

K-07 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

K-08 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

K-09 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

K-10 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

K-11 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Dark brown

K-12 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table B, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Light brown

K-13 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Cream

K-14 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Yellow

K-15 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Red

K-16 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Blue

K-17 -- Obverse ídem reverse: chip without value Table C, Set “Casino del Río” Imprinted in the center. -- Dark brown

    

M-01 -- Obverse – Chip value 0.20 Pesos, Club Nacional -- Blue

M-01r -- Reverse – Chip value 0.20 Pesos, Club Nacional -- Blue

M-02 -- Obverse – Chip value 2 Pesos, Club Nacional -- Cream

M-02r -- Reverse – Chip value 2 Pesos, Club Nacional -- Cream

    

P-01 -- Obverse idem reverse: chip value $ 5.00, Morocco Club -- Dark brown

P-02 -- Obverse idem reverse: chip value $ 25, Morocco Club -- Olive green

    

Q-01 -- Obverse idem reverse: chip without value, Club Morocco (a rhombus in the center) -- Cream

Q-02 -- Obverse idem reverse: chip without value, Club Morocco (a trefoil in the center) -- Cream

Q-03 -- Obverse idem reverse: chip without value, Club Morocco (a rhombus in the center) -- Yellow

Q-04 -- Obverse idem reverse: chip without value, Club Morocco (a trefoil in the center) -- Yellow

Q-05 -- Obverse idem reverse: chip without value, Club Morocco (a rhombus in the center) -- Red

Q-06 -- Obverse idem reverse: chip without value, Club Morocco (a trefoil in the center) -- Red

    

R-01 -- Obverse – Chip value $5.00, Club Boheme -- Yellow

R-01r -- Reverse – Chip value $5.00, Club Boheme -- Yellow

    

T-01 -- Interior of the Sans Souci Casino – Photo   

T-02 -- Raúl González Jerez at the Sans Souci’s Bingo – Photo   

T-03 -- Santos Traficante being arrested – Photo   

T-04 -- Bienvenido Álvarez (Traficante’s chauffeur and cashier of the casino) at the S. Souci’s Bingo – Photo 1  

T-05 -- Bienvenido Álvarez (Traficante’s chauffeur and cashier of the casino) at the S. Souci’s Bingo – Photo 2  

T-06 -- Rosita Fornés at the Sans Souci’s cabaret – Photo   

T-07 -- Olga Chaviano, dancer of Sans Souci and partner of Norman Rothman – Photo   

T-09 -- Article about Sans Souci in a publication of that time  

T-10 -- Propaganda of the Sans Souci Casino – In the 1948 Directorio Social de La Habana   

T-11 -- Propaganda of the Sans Souci Casino – In the “Confidencial” magazine   

T-12 -- Propaganda of the Sans Souci Casino – In the 1959 Guía Social de La Habana   

T-13 -- Propaganda of the Sans Souci Casino – In the 1955 Havana’s Phone Book  

T-14 -- Propaganda of the Sans Souci Casino – In the 1958 Havana’s Phone Book  

T-15 -- Card or coupon valuable for one meal at Sans Souci   

T-21 -- Cover of a photo holder – Sans Souci in the first times  

T-22 -- Cover of a photo holder – Entrance of Sans Souci   

T-23 -- Cover of a photo holder – Sans Souci in the 1940s  

T-24 -- Cover of a photo holder – Exterior image of Sans Souci   

T-25 -- Cover of a photo holder – With a propaganda of the Sans Souci Casino  

T-26 -- Imprinted propaganda - Sans Souci Casino   

T-27 -- Propaganda booklet – A Sans Souci’s roulette table  

T-28 -- Propaganda booklet – A night at the Sans Souci’s cabaret  

T-29 -- Propaganda booklet -  Entrance of the Sans Souci Casino  

T-30 -- Propaganda booklet – General view of the Sans Souci Casino  

T-36 -- Article about the Sans Souci’s bingo - In the “Show” magazine of February 1958  

T-37 -- Article about Sans Souci – In the “Gente” magazine of March 1953  

T-38 -- Article about Sans Souci – In the 1958 Cuba de Turismo magazine  

T-39 -- Article about Sans Souci (with a reference to Santos Traficante) – In the “Show” magazine of January 1958  

T-40 -- Image of Norman Rothman (former owner of the casino) – In the “Show” magazine of October 1957  

T-41 -- Stage of the cabaret of Sans Souci in the first times – Post card  

T-42 -- Another view of the stage of the cabaret of Sans Souci – Post card  

T-43 -- Gardens and outside of Sans Souci – Post card  

T-44 -- Sans Souci’s restaurant in the first times – Post card  

T-45 -- Sans Souci’s restaurant – Post card  

T-46 -- Open-air tables of Sans Souci – Post card  

T-47 -- Tables in the patio of Sans Souci – Post card  

T-48 -- Tables in the inside of Sans Souci – Post card  

T-49 -- Night show in Sans Souci – Post card  

T-50 -- Open-air show in Sans Souci – Post card  

T-51 -- Views of Sans Souci – Post card  

T-61 -- Card of Sans Souci (with the name of Luís Santos)  

T-62 -- Member card of Sans Souci in the 1950s  

T-63 -- Ash tray of Sans Souci Casino with the name of Lefty Clark  

T-64 -- Match box courtesy of the Sans Souci Casino  

T-65 -- Match box courtesy of the Sans Souci Casino (different from the former)  

T-66 -- Dice used in the Sans Souci Casino  

T-67 -- Cardboard used in the Bingo of the Sans Souci Casino  

T-68 -- Envelope with the letterhead of the Sans Souci Casino  

    

U-01 -- Cover of a photo holder – Montmartre in the 1940s   

U-02 -- Cover of a photo holder – With the Montmartre’s emblem   

U-03 -- Map with the location of Montmartre – In the magazine of the same name  

U-04 -- Propaganda about Montmartre – In the magazine of the same name  

U-05 -- Propaganda about Montmartre – In the 1957 Guía Social de La Habana   

U-06 -- Propaganda about Montmartre – Signed by Massaguer  

U-07 -- Propaganda about Montmartre – In the cover of a pamphlet   

U-08 -- Propaganda about Montmartre – In the 1944   Anuario Social de La Habana   

U-09 -- Gene Castro, president of the Havana Racing and Casino Association – In the “Choffeur” magazine  

U-10 -- Lucky Luciano in Havana – In the “Gente” magazine of June 18, 1950  

U-11 -- Reference to Meyer Lansky and the Montmartre – in an article of the “Gente” magazine of March 1953  

U-12 -- “Montmartre, Ali Baba’s cave” – Article in the “Gente” magazine of May 1951  

U-13 -- “Montmartre, Ali Baba’s cave” – Article in the “Gente” magazine of May 1951 (continuation)  

U-14 -- “The monte continues in Montmartre” – Article in the “Survey” magazine of January 1951  

U-15 -- “The War and the Green Table Runner” – Article in the “Survey” magazine of February 1951   

U-16 -- Directors of Montmartre” – Article in the “Show” magazine of March 1955   

U-17 -- Photo - The dealer Luis Tamargo in front of a roulette of the casino   

U-18 -- Unpublished photo of Lucky Luciano     

U-21 -- Montmartre’s bar – Post card  

U-22 -- Sculpture in the Montmartre’s cabaret – Post card   

U-23 -- View of the Montmartre’s cabaret – Post card   

U-24 -- Stage of the Montmartre’s cabaret – Post card   

U-25 -- Panorama of the Montmartre’s cabaret – Post card   

U-31 -- A cabaret night in Montmartre – Photo   

U-32 -- Entrance to the Montmartre Casino at the Humboldt street – Photo   

U-33 -- Blanco Rico – whose death was the reason for the closing of the Montmartre cabaret - Photo  

U-34 -- Burial of Blanco Rico – whose death was the reason for the closing of the Montmartre cabaret - Photo  

U-41 -- Outer pages of a propaganda booklet of Montmartre.  

U-42 -- Inner pages of the former propaganda booklet  

U-43 -- Detail of one of the images of the casino, from the former propaganda booklet  

    

V-01 -- Casino del Río, propaganda in the 1959 Directorio Social de La Habana   

V-02 -- “The Casino del Rio opens in December” – Article in a “Show” magazine of 1958  

V-03 -- “The Casino del Rio opens in December” – Article in a “Show” magazine of 1958 (continuation)  

V-04 -- “Opening of the Casino del Río decided for Christmas” – Article in a “Show” magazine of 1958  

V-05 -- “Opening of the Casino del Río decided for Christmas” – Article in a “Show” magazine of 1958 (continuation)  

    

W-01 -- Cover of a photo holder - Nacional Night Club Casino   

W-02 -- Nacional Night Club – Propaganda in the 1958 Phone Book  

W-03 -- “Club changes to a comfortable casino” – Article about Nacional Club in “Show” magazine of December 1957  

W-04 -- “Nacional Club Cabaret” – Image in “Show” magazine of November 1958  

W-11 -- Destruction of the Nacional Night Club in January 1, 1959 - Photo  

W-12 -- Fire in the remains of the Nacional Night Club in January 1, 1959 - Photo  

W-13 -- Destruction of the Nacional Cabaret – Image in the newspaper “El Crisol” of January 21, 1959  

W-14 -- Destruction of the tables of the Nacional Cabaret – Image in the newspaper “Prensa Libre” of January 6, 1959  

W-15 -- Employees of the Nacional Night Club – Image in the newspaper “Diario de la Marina” of January 23, 1959  

    

X-01 -- Destruction of the Morocco Club – Image in “Bohemia” magazine, Liberty Edition, January 1959  

    

Y-01 -- Removers used in Sans Souci, Montmartre and  Nacional Club