THE CUBAN CIGAR LABELS

Description
Gallery


The Cuban collection of cigar labels is, undoubtedly one of the largest and most attractive collections of thematic labels worldwide. Since the beginning of the second half of the 19th Century and for a long period of over 100 years, hundreds of manufacturers of this sector were to be found in Cuba. Many of them even got to register tens of brands per year, all of which, regardless of their subsequent development, needed at least one set of their corresponding labels in order to be registered as trademarks.  That way, thanks to the fact that Cuba was the country where these labels first appeared and regulations for their use were established, their collection turns out to be fascinating for those interested in both, historical and artistic components of an exclusive production, destined from the beginning to conquer the highest circles of international consumption. The undeniable quality of the plant grown on Cuban soil, together with the inventive and countless ways of processing and combining its leaves in order to manufacture the worldwide famous Havana cigars, resulted in a product therefore needing to be presented in the most sophisticated ways in order to maintain its supremacy. The development of printing techniques in Cuba was a determining factor in this matter. Therefore, and since the history of cigar labels was always connected to the world of the lithograph, we will proceed to look at the evolution of this activity in Cuba in detail.


First stage… the handcrafted period…

Although there’s knowledge of the existence on the island of two small printing shops (owned by Santiago Lessieur and Luis Claire) already in the second decade of the 19th Century, it wasn’t until the early 1840’s that the activity reached a true peak as a result of the arrival in Cuba of several draftsmen and lithographers who, making the most of the experience they had gained in European workshops, founded here two high-standing establishments:

-Litografía de Costa, Hermano y Cia (Costa Brother’s and Co.) or “Litografía Española(Spanish Lithographic Workshop) – the first important of its kind in Cuba. It was first founded by the end of 1838, when the Costa brothers Francisco and Fernando, lithographers from the famous José Madrazo’s workshop in Madrid, arrived in Havana. After having been running for a year, it changed its name by that of “Litrografía del Gobierno” (Government’s Lithographic Workshop) due to its connexion with the authorities. Even though its raison d’être was that of working for publishing companies, it occasionally printed black-and-white labels for rolled cigar cases and packs of cigarettes, which were the first of its kind in Cuba.

-Litografía de la Real Sociedad Patriótica (Royal Patriotic Society’s Lithographic Workshop) –also known as “Litografía de los Franceses” (the Frenchmen’s Lithographic Workshop), because it was founded in 1839 by several French fellow countrymen, all lithographers and artists of experience and renown. Francisco Miguel Cosnier and Alejandro Moreau, who later brought Julio Bourrelier and Federico Mialhe, skilled landscape painter and engraver who was destined to become our main graphic chronicler, constituted the staff of the wonderful company, and their works were eagerly consumed by the elite of the emerging Creole bourgeoisie, then in marked conflict with the Spanish community and the Captain General’s office. Like that of the Spanish, this workshop initially worked illustrating contemporary publications, but it also produced some very primitive labels for cigar cases and especially for packs of cigarettes many of which either don’t show the name of the workshop along the bottom or weren’t signed by the artists that created them.

These two workshops operated separately until 1845, when they merged into “Litografía del Gobierno y de la Real Sociedad Económica” (Lithographic Workshop of the Government and Royal Economic Society). Under the new name, the production focused more on the cigar industry.

-Litografía de Marquier (Marquier’s Lithographic Workshop)  - it appeared later, by the end of the 1840’s, and it was the most important printing shop of this first stage. The Frenchman Francisco Luis Marquier gathered a staff constituted by several important artists and lithographers, such as Mialhe and Laplante who illustrated the best publications of Cuban graphic history. Such books as Los Ingenios, Álbum Californiano, Viaje pintoresco alrededor de la isla de Cuba, etc., came out of their presses illustrated using one single ink. These lithographs were usually later illuminated by hand. However, this method was very expensive in terms of the mass production that was needed to meet the demands of the emerging cigar industry (one single brand required sometimes thousands of labels). Therefore, the works related to this sector were pushed into the background resulting in little labels produced in this printing shop.

Summing up, this early stage was about artistic lithographs, used to illustrate important books and picturesque albums, and printed in black and white by hand presses, and in some cases thoroughly illuminated by hand one at a time. This process was extremely expensive and unjustifiable in terms of the preparation of a label.

As to the cigar industry, the old way of packing cigars in large pine boxes (meant for wholesale trade and containing as much as ten thousand pieces bundled in packs of 50 or 100 each) that were labelled with the manufacturer’s information by means of stamping it with branding iron was no longer in use. This method had been replaced by small cedar cases containing a maximum of one hundred units that would go straight to the consumers, thus avoiding forgeries and also resulting in larger profit. Naturally, the enterprising Spanish manufactures liked the idea of using labels to identify their production and at the same time decorating such cases. Therefore, they soon embraced the possibilities offered by the rising lithography techniques. And so began the first orders of what would become the seeds of the future cigar labels (“habilitaciones”). These were small lithographs, always printed in one colour, showing a pretty simple motif and the brand name and manufacturer’s information in two languages in the cases of those meant for export. Very few of these have been preserved due to different factors, such as the closure of the workshops that first printed them, the lack of registers and control over brand names at the time, their limited production, and the little interest shown by old collectors given their rather poor making.
 

                                                                 Examples of cigar labels of this first stage


In other words, during the first decades, when the previously mentioned workshops were prevailing, labels were very simple and not known yet as “habilitaciones”. They are rather regarded as a step forward in the process of evolution from old stamps used on the large wholesale boxes. Generally speaking, the printing workshops didn’t even bother to sign these lithographs by stamping their registered name on the production related to this sector, because these were considered to be of little note. Brand names were registered using single form files that were only required to show the label and the overleaf image without any detailed explanation.
 

                                                   Inscription sheet of the “Victor Hugo” trade mark


Second stage… industrial lithograph period…

By the second half of the 19th Century, printing techniques had evolved in Europe leaving the old and expensive black-and-white lithographs behind. It was the beginning of multicolour printouts by means of steam operated printing presses using a stone for each shade, which made it possible to obtain thousands of identical printouts from one single piece. The handcrafted method had evolved into an industrial one resulting in large impressions of labels the cost of which was acceptable for the cigar industry. The path had been cleared to decorate cigar cases with luxurious and diverse illustrations that eventually covered them entirely, and that not only provided them with elegance and air tightness, but also constituted a guaranty against constant forgery. These conditions resulted in the rising of the so-called “habilitaciones”, to which we will refer from now on as cigar labels.  From that moment on, the rich Spanish traders who were leaders in this sector wouldn’t hesitate to allocate the necessary amount of money for ordering the labels in local workshops or abroad. On the island, with the advantage of having a large number of workers who had gained experience during the handcrafted period, several printing workshops began to operate mostly for this sector. During the upcoming years, the activity increased to such an extent that this period is known as the golden age of Cuban cigar labels. Among them, we will list bellow those that produced the most outstanding works for this sector:

-Fabrica “La Honradez” (Workshop of “La Honradez” factory)  – Although the production of this important workshop was mainly devoted to the cigarette industry, it deserves a special mention. It was founded in 1853 by Luis Susini, a go-ahead French businessman, who already in the early 1860’s imported modern equipment to implement in Cuba a printing technique known as chromolithography, almost at the same time that it was first being done in the most developed European countries. His workshop was pioneer in the production of multicoloured labels most of which were used to wrap thousands of packs of cigarettes. More detailed information about this factory and its workshop can be found in our section devoted to cigarette packs’ wrappers (“marquillas”).

                                        Images of calendar cigarette packs’ wrappers printed by La Honradez
 

-Litografía de More y Cia. (More and Co. Lithographic Workshop) - 124 San Nicolás street. This printing shop was founded by José Antonio Moré, who came from Asturias and arrived in Havana at a very young age. Together with cousins and brothers, he founded several important workshops, all devoted to chromolithography, which produced the best pieces of the Cuban collection. ”Litografía Artística More y Hnos”, “Metal gráfica More y Hno” etc. are some examples.

-Litografía de José M. García y García (José M. García García’s Lithographic Workshop) – its actual name was Establecimiento Cromo-Litográfico y Tipográfico de J. M. García y García (J. M. García García’s Typographic and Chromolithographic Shop). It was located on 126 San Nicolás street, and founded by José Manuel García, cousin of José A. More. It remained working to orders placed by the cigar industry until 1906, when it merged into the Cia Litográfica de la Habana (Havana’s Lithographic Company).

                                        Examples of the beautiful labels made by both workshops
 

-Litografía de Guerra y hnos (Guerra and Brothers’ Lithographic Workshop) – It was founded by Juan Guerra Velo, who came from Palencia, Spain, and learnt the craft in several workshops in Havana until he started his own halfway through the 1870s. It was at first located at number 28 Mercaderes street, and years later it moved to number 112 Dragones street. This shop is also among those that operated for the cigar industry since it was founded.

-Litografía de R. Fernández (R. Fernández’ Lithographic Workshop) – located at numbers 19 and 21 San José Street – It was founded by Rosendo Fernández, who came from Asturias and was a highly influential person in Havana’s business world. The workshop excelled during the 1890s when “pan de oro” (a gold dust solution) and stamping were introduced in addition to previous techniques resulting in superb pieces.

                                      Advertising issued by Guerra and label issued by Fernandez
 

-Litografía Mercantil (Mercantile Lithograpic Workshop) – Although it worked mainly to illustrate periodicals and books, some good cigar illustrations (“vistas”) produced by this workshop have caught our eye.

-Tiburcio V. Cuesta’s Lithographic Workshop – Cuesta had worked at the well-known workshop of La Honradez factory as a machine operator. His workshop produced some pieces for cigar cases, although its production was more devoted to produce “marquillas” for the cigarette industry.

-Other lithographic Workshops – In addition to those previously mentioned there were others that produced some pieces in isolated cases. These pieces aren’t very important within the collection. Therefore, we will refer to these workshops by the names of their owners: Entralgo, Sopeña, Ramírez, etc.


Regarding the development of this second stage, it is important to point out some interesting details that will help us analyze the pieces seen within the context of their time:

  • The period between the 1860s and the 1870s constituted a transition moment for the business, which was first affected by the great capitalistic crisis of the late 1850s and later on by the Independence War and the Spanish Civil War. As a result, many machine operators emigrated, small and obsolete workshops shut down, and the cigar industry didn’t reach its peak as it was supposed to.
  • Only after “The Ten Year War”, in the early 1880s and within the context of economic flowering, a resolution on Brand names and Patents officially organized the production of “habilitaciones” by naming them as such, defining what sorts of them would be used (see this later on in an image), and where they should be placed. It also became mandatory to submit full sets when the brand names were registered. From this moment on, the registers would show all pieces of the established set, which were glued to the pages of the books created for such purpose together with a detailed description of each one.
  • To be more precise in chronological terms, it was during this period that the previously mentioned workshops flourished.
  • Also in the late 1880s, the Germans (who were always in the vanguard of the industry) came up with the idea of embossing the labels to provide them with depth. For this purpose, a bronze mould was prepared for each label, and it was applied at the end of the printing process, highlighting details such as medals, faces, etc. in a three-dimensional manner.

                                                             Bronze mould and its associated label
 

  • In addition, another innovation was introduced. The so-called “pan de oro” (gold bread), which was applied as if it were just ink on the areas depicting medals and trims in order to accomplish a golden shade that would make them look real. As a matter of fact, in some cases the luxury display was such that 24 carat gold dust for was used for some impressions, resulting in amazing finish.
  • Many of this period’s best cigar labels were ordered to foreign lithographic workshops, especially French, German, and American. Many different names of signatory are seen among our pieces, some of which are remarkable even though they are to be found only in isolated cases. The list bellow serves the purpose of further developing this idea:


Lithographic Workshops the registered names of which we have detected along the bottom of the pieces constituting the Cuban collection:

Carl Upmann

Compañía Litográfica de la Habana

Conthier Dreyfus & Co. Paris

Godfrey S. Mahn.

Gonthier, Dreyfus & Co. Paris

Harris & Son. Phila.

Heppenheumer & Mauner

Hopchard & Co. New York & Habana

L. V. C. Corp

Lit. Corral Wodiska y Ca.

Lit. Cuba 33 Habana

Lit. de Fernández y Guerra. 2 S. José

Lit. de Guerra Hnos y Perez. Habana

Lit. de Guerra, Hnos y Ca. Habana

Lit. de More y Guerra. 112 Dragones

Lit. de More, Garcia y Ca. 124 S. Nicolás

Lit. de More. 45 San Rafael

Lit. de R. Fernandez y Ca. 17, 19, and 21 S. Jose. Habana

Lit. de R. Fernández. 19 and 21 San José

Lit. de S. Sopeña. 140 Amistad.

Lit. del Comercio. 87 Obispo

Lit. J. A. More. Gijon

Lit. Mercantil 12 and 14 Reina

Lit. 45 San Rafael. Habana (JMC Monograma)

Lit. Sucesores de Ramírez y Ca. Barcelona

Lith. F. Appel. Paris

Lith. Klingenberg Hnos. Habana. 14 Amargura

More y Sobrinos

O. L. Schwencke Co. N.Y.

Reid, Murdoch & Fischer

Schumacher & Ettlinger N. Y.

The Moehle Litho. Co. Brooklyn. N.Y.

Witsch & Schmitt , New York (Registered on January 19th 1885)

 

Actually, there was always great competition between local and foreign companies. And the latter usually offered higher quality services for a more competitive price. As a result, there were in Havana several firms devoted to make business viable. They had the necessary contacts, and even sometimes represented big foreign lithographic companies. For example, José Antonio More, whose workshop has been previously mentioned, made his way into the industry by taking orders for workshops in Asturias. Another example was the branch office of the German “Klingberg”, which was located at the number 14 Amargura Street and for years took orders and produced beautiful pieces for Cuba.

                                                     “Vista” produced by Klingerberg
 

The 20th Century… Cia Litográfica de la Habana (Havana’s Lithographic Workshop)...

By the beginning of last century, several factors resulted once again in a fall of the Cuban tobacco production. Among them, the most important was the last independence war that culminated in the Spanish defeat and the American Intervention. Lithographic workshops faded away gradually. Many of them went bankrupt or began producing other impressions for commercial advertising or chocolate boxes, wine and perfume bottles, etc. The birth of the Republic in 1902 didn’t help much in the industry’s recovery. Some years were required for it to get back on its feet. On the other hand, many brand names disappeared when the industry was controversially centralized in 1900 in a huge company constituted by American and English capital. Although it began operating under the name “Havana Commercial Co.”, it was popularly known as “The Trust”. Together with the big “Henry Clay & Bock” and “Havana Cigar & Tobacco Co.”, it tried to create a manufacture monopoly that eventually didn’t come to anything because many independent manufacturers resisted it fiercely.

This situation led to something similar in the lithographic activity, as a survival measure. The “Compañía Litográfica de la Habana” (Havana’s Lithographic Workshop) was founded in December 1906 and became the main printing centre nationwide by consolidating the three most important chromolithographic workshops at the time, which operated under the names "Rosendo Fernández y Compañía", "Guerra Hermano y Pérez", and " J. M. García y Hermano". This company operated for 20 years, with several workshops all over the city, and it produced an extensive and well accomplished range of cigar labels. Finally, in 1926, by establishing itself in a modern and well equipped building located at number 15 Ayestarán Street, the whole production was brought together. The following year, given the high costs and slowness of the old lithographic techniques, the offset system was introduced. This method was faster and cheaper, and unfortunately resulted in pieces of lesser artistic quality. The golden age of the Cuban cigar labels was now in the past.


The Cuban Collection:

To sum up what has been stated so far, we could say that the factors having an impact on the singular production of Cuban cigar labels were the following:

  • The large number of factories that existed during the most glorious period of this industry in Cuba.
  • The nature of this industry. In other words, the fact that a single factory would register many brands every year.
  • The specific characteristics of an exclusive production, which aimed at European and American high classes and therefore required to be presented carefully in order to prevail.
  • Smugglers’ non-stopping competition by using low-quality leaves harvested in other countries to forge Cuban cigars. One way of legitimizing the true product was by guarantying the quality of its packs.
  • The coincidence in time of lithography’s worldwide boom and the idea of packing Cuban cigars in small cases decorated with much striking labels.
  • Spanish manufacturers’ resourcefulness and business skills and the fact that they wouldn’t spare any money when ordering their illustrations at the most famous foreign workshops or the best local ones.
  • The presence in Cuba of many foreigners, lithography artists and technicians who arrived here looking forward to working for publishing houses. They brought their knowledge and experience into the staffs of the several lithographic workshops established in Havana in the 19th Century, many of which survived thanks to their subsequent works for the cigar industry.


The pieces exhibited in these pages:

First and foremost, artistically speaking, each of the illustrations of this collection entails a story of imagination and design work in addition to its historical or educational aspects. After selecting a name as much appealing as possible for their brands, manufacturers usually addressed themselves to one of the lithographic shops in Havana and ordered its making, which would be in the hands of experienced artists. They usually decorated their creations, in the cases of those based on famous literary works or characters, with several elements related to context and facts that inspired them. So, allegorical figures, angels, mythological motifs, beautiful and exotic landscapes, etc. were abundant in these pieces. There were occasions when the process was reversed, and lithographic workshops proposed various models and brand examples based on the most outstanding characters or events at the time. Then, the trader chose those that better suited his market, locally or abroad. (This was more frequent in the cases of foreign lithographic workshops, which even sent the main manufacturers huge collections of samples of brands.) It’s important to stress that actually the productions of many of these brands were of no significance, or they were just a project at the time they were registered in the Brand names and Patents Books back then. As a result, these brands’ pieces, in addition to being very rare and sometimes unique, often appear cut-out since such was the procedure to register them in books that were always short on space.

All in all, when one thinks of how surprising it is that these pieces have survived the weather’s ups and downs throughout decades; that most of them were glued to the cases and therefore very hard to remove; and that for many years they were objects of no significance for collectors unlike in recent times, one’s reaction is that of fascination, to say the least, at the sight of every new piece.


Our pages:

The specific characteristics of Cuban labels and the nature of the collections we have put together throughout years have led us to prepare this section’s first pages according to a certain subject for each case. Their titles will be the following:

  • Portraits of cigar factory owners.
  • Old buildings of cigar factories.
  • Outstanding historical figures.
  • American important figures.
  • Cigar labels inspired by literature.
  • Mythology and legends as a theme in cigar labels.
  • Cuban creole customs, characters, and landscapes.
  • The nobility depicted in cigar labels
  • Cigar labels dealing with music.


Kinds of cigar labels

With the purpose of making it easier to understand the descriptions of the different cigar labels exhibited in our gallery, we have included this image showing the different names given to the labels usually covering a cigar case.


Notice the following details:

Vista – It is the most elaborate piece. It’s the first thing consumers catch sight of at the moment of opening the splendorous cigar case. All decorative elements are present in it: the “pan de oro”, the pattern, the embossed medals, the full spectrum of colours, etc.

Cubierta – Also known as External Vista. In general, it only shows the brand logo (formerly known as “Hierro”), which was iron branded on the wood. Its design is usually simple, because this area is exposed to a lot of rubbing as a result of handling.

Bofetón – It is placed inside the case, over the top layer of cigars. Its print is always plain, with soft ink and with no relieves or “pan de oro”, so as to avoid the cigars being spoiled by alien colours and aromas.

Papeleta – It is placed on the sides of the case. It always shows the same image as the internal “vista” (but in smaller dimensions), and it generally includes the manufacturer’s information and registered name. It is also used as a guarantee seal. Unfortunately, it has to be broken when the case is opened. As a result, it is most of the times lost to collectors.

Tapa-clavos – Initially, it was also known as “contraseña” (password). It’s an oval piece covering the nail used to lock the lid of the case. It’s also used as an indicative of the brand name.

Filetes – Strips of lithographed paper, ornamented with several motifs that cover the case’s edges. Not only they render the case hermetic, but also constitute its finishing touch. Because of the name “filete” (fillet), the workers of this department of a factory are interestingly called “fileteadores” (those who fillet).


Identifying Cuban cigar labels:

One of the most difficult tasks for scholars and collectors of this sector is that of identifying the country of origin of the cigar labels that fall into their hands. This is crystal clear in some cases, when they show details, such as the manufacturer’s registered name or the name of an extremely well-known brand. Others are difficult to trace back in time and space, because they only show a certain motif or just a name. The thing is that among the pieces that constitute the set of “habilitaciones”, even if the “cubierta” and the “papeleta” contained the brand information, the “bofetón” and the “vista” would spare words in order to achieve a greater beauty.

In addition, within the production of Cuban printing works in the 19th Century, pieces not signed by the printer are very common. Or the name and title of signatory were eliminated when the cigar labels were cut out in order to be glued on the register books. However, this task’s greater difficulty lies in the huge amount of pieces produced abroad, especially in Germany and the United States, with names in Spanish, many of which were typically Cuban, incorporating Cuban terms and referents. These foreign lithographic workshops sought two purposes: they wanted local manufacturers to find their collections of samples appealing and place their orders with them, or confuse consumers of brands produced by foreign factories, which used lower quality leaves. We adopted the criterion of classifying a cigar label as Cuban, regardless of where it was printed, if it was conceived to label a brand registered in Cuba. Several lists of manufacturers and brands found in contemporary publications turn out to be very useful in this process. Some of the most comprehensive ones we’ve gone through are listed bellow, hoping that they are helpful in analysing separate pieces.


LIST # 1:

(Taken from Almanaque Mercantil para el año 1867, de B. May y Co., Habana.)

LIST OF CIGAR MANUFACTURERS AND THE BRAND NAMES OWNED BY THEM

Name – Address – Brand Names

VALENTIN ALONSO – Tenerife 47; depósito, Mercaderes 39 – Flor de Río Seco, Príncipe Djalma, Quitman.

JULIAN ALVAREZ – San Nicolás 128; depósito, Plaza de Armas – Henry Clay, Princesa Diana, La Selecta.

ALLONES Y HERMANO – Gervasio 27 – Confederación Suiza, La Guayrina, Las Ninfas de Uruguay, República Argentina, República de Chile, República de Uruguay, República Peruana, Rey del Mundo, Salvadora, Siglo XIX.

FELIPE AMARO – Príncipe Alfonso 83 – Grant, Johnston, Orotava, P. Stevens.

AMAT Y SAGUAGA – Lealtad 110 – Avilesina, Boa, Gloria, Recinto de Nervion.

ANDREU Y COMPAÑIA. – Lealtad 142 – Angelita, Designio, Inesita, San Francisco.

JOSE ARANDA – Tenerife 39 – Buen Gusto, Feliz, Regina, Rosa de Georgia, Rosalía, Serafina, Trieste.

VALENTIN ARANGO – Factoría 20 – Caliope, Cautiva, Flor de Valentín Arango, Solón.

L. DE ARRECHAVALETA – Virtudes 107 – Nueva Albión, Reformada, Sajonesa, Timbre, Isabel.

FERNANDO DE ARRIGUNAGA – Sitios 11 – Armas Mejicanas, Armas Inglesas, Anseática, Britania, Columnas de Hércules, Flor del Arte, Honi soit qui mal i pense, Industria Habanera, No hay más allá, V.V.,Passe partout maçonnique.

CELESTINO ASAY – Príncipe Alfonso 116 – Asturica, Banana, Filoteo, Flor de Asay, Flor de Torcuato, Florita, Habano, Humo, Industria, Mango, Naranja, Palmeta, Solicitada, Uva, Veguero, Velazco.

A. BACALLADO Y COMPAÑIA. – Virtudes 96 – Aguila de Oro, Flora Apiciana, Moscovita.

JOAQUIN BARRENA – Neptuno 60 – Albión, Benjamín Franklin, Camelias, Dalias, Eclipse, Elba, Flor de Joaquín Barrena, Paz, Taglioni, The Know Nothing, The Metropolitan, Victoria.

LEONCIO BARNETE – Mercaderes 6 – Flor del Fumar.

RAMON BARCENA – O’Reilly 7 – Manco de Lepanto, Nelson.

BECI Y COMPAÑIA. – Inquisidor 27 – Correo.

BEDOYA Y RODRIGUEZ – Aguila 122 – Ilustre Duque de la Victoria, Semiramis.

JOSE BOHER – Teniente Rey 19 – Barcelonesa.

JOSE ESTEBAN BORGES – Príncipe Alfonso 46 – Doce Meses, Genovesa, Sol.

CABALEIRO Y COMPAÑIA. – Zanja 24 – Unión.

J. DE CABARGA Y COMPAÑIA. – Concordia 103 – J. de Cabarga y Ca.

ANTONIO CARUNCHO – Manrique 104 – Intimidad, Super Omnia.

JOSE L. CANDEMIL – San Rafael 11; depósito, Obispo 15 – Coloso, Encanto, Estrella Fija, Gota de Agua, Know Something, Moctezuma, Plenty of Room, Reina de las Antillas, Reina del Golfo.

CARBAJAL Y CARBAJAL – Príncipe Alfonso 3220 – Camelia del Japón, Carbajal y Carbajal, Deva, Dos Carbajales, Pena.

JOSE CEPEDA – Maloja 70 – Cano, Cena, Crema del Tabaco, Exposición de Londres, Flor de Anastiaga, Flor de Leandro José Cepeda, José González, María Macaria, Secreto, Superior del Tabaco, Valentina.

JAIME CODINA – Estrella 19 – El Cinto de Orión, El Rifle.

LUIS CORUJO – Zanja 69 – Camarioca, Comerciante, Flor de Corujo, Hija del Regimiento, Punch.

BERNARDINO CRESPO – Príncipe Alfonso 168 – Neptuno.

TEODORO CUETO Y HERMANO – Dragones 64 – Alcázar, Aromática, Caimana, Chata, Chilena, Diamante, Delicias, Granadina, Manuel Reina, Merrimac.

JUAN CONILL – Teniente Rey 75 – J. Conill.

DIAZ, BANCES Y COMPAÑIA. – San Nicolás 104 – Bella Mar, Carolina, Díaz, Bances y Ca., Flor de Tomás Díaz, General Mc Clellan, Mariscal Villars, Old Abe, P. P. Bances, Un gran fui.

GASPAR ESTEVEZ – Tenerife 36 – Astrónomo.

ESTRADA Y COMPAÑIA. – Zanja 21 – Flor de Castelló y Ca., Luisa Miller, ¿Para mí?, Paseo.

MANUEL FOJA – Gervasio 53 – Beauregard, General Lee, Jackson Calicanto, Meridiano, Palacio de Cristal, Walter Scott.

FRANCISCO FERNANDEZ TUÑON – O’Reilly 53 – Pájaro del Océano, Torre de Tavira.

J. FERRAN Y PRIMO – Acosta 34 – Dos Cabañas.

FRANCISCO L. FERRERIA – Industria 80 – Elección, Orbe.

JOSE FORTEO – San Lázaro 71 – Esmero de José Forteo, Flor de la Cabaña.

FRANCISCO GALVAN – Campanario 145 – Emperatriz Eugenia, Tamarindo.

JOSE ANTONIO GARCIA – Rayo 28 – Great Eastern, Ingenuidad, Raquel, Legítima Ambrosía, Kladderadatsch.

JUAN S. GARCIA – Factoría 1 – Actividad, Fraternidad, Talismán, Universo, Verdad.

MANUEL GARCIA – Dragones 110 – Alfonso, Apostólica, Aprobación, Católica, King of the Sea, Nilo, Reina, Romana.

GARCIA Y MAZA – Obispo 25 – Rubí, Sultán, Andrew Johnson.

FELIX GARCIA Y CA. – San Rafael 14 – Alvaro de Bazán, Flor de Arroyabe, Flor de Vigo, Júpiter, M. P. Mirat, Niña Adelina, Niño Eduardito.

ANSELMO GONZALEZ DEL VALLE – Dragones 4 y 6 – Hija de Cabañas y Carbajal.

EULOGIO GONZALEZ – Estrella 25 – Especial, Ramillete de Aromas, Rapidez.

J. H. GONZALEZ – Amistad 40 – Curiosidad, Florida Blanca, Mensagero.

VIUDA DE MANUEL A. GONZALEZ – Apodaca 73 – Eufemia, Fidelidad, Mineros de Federico Alvarez, Reforma de Cuba.

JOSE DE LA GUERRA – Habana 114 – Progreso Cubano.

TOMAS GUTIERREZ – Príncipe Alfonso 72 – Gutiérrez, Flor de Tomás Gutiérrez, Ritica.

PEDRO HAYA – Campanario 16 – Shakespeare, Isla de Cuba.

JACOBO IGLESIAS Y PARDO – Dragones 41 – Estrella Habanera.

INCLAN Y FERNANDEZ – Angeles 13 – Esculapio.

VIUDA DE IZAGUIRRE – Animas 135; depósito Mercaderes 12 y 21 – Flor de J. A. Labido, Flor de Río Hondo, Jefferson Davis, María Perla de las Antillas, Mount Vernon, Río Hondo, Viuda de Izaguirre.

JANE Y GENER – Reina 20 – Escepción.

LAUREANO JIMENEZ – Villegas 67 – Artemisa.

LARRAÑAGA Y COMPAÑIA – San Miguel 46 – Guipuzcoana, Ready & Rough.

J. A. LEDON – Obispo 29 – Prueba.

ANTONIO LOPEZ – Neptuno 159 – Antonio López, Flor de Antonio López, Paz de China, Prototipo, Esmero de Arroyave, Flor Agrícola, Flor de Torres y López, Joven América, Tiempo.

RAMON LOPEZ – Obispo 7 – Emperador de Méjico, Gracia de Dios.

LLAVINA Y PIÑEIRO – San Rafael 99 – Flor de la Habana, Imperial.

MANUEL MADRAZO – Maloja 31 – Europa, Flor de M. M., Flor de Manuel Madrazo, Manuel Madrazo, Manuel Madrazo y Ca., M. M., Por M. M.,

MANUEL MARINAS – San Rafael 70 – Flor de José Bengoechea, Flor de Manuel Marinas, Incomparable, Judit, Montaña, Primavera, Real, Tino.

VICENTE MARTINEZ IBOR – Animas 102 – C. de S., Criolla, Fin, Martínez Ibor, Más Selecta, Mina Cubana, Mis Tres Medallas, Pistola, Príncipe de Gales, Tres Diosas.

VICENTE MENENDEZ – Lealtad 129 – Acuerdo, Alba, Caoba, Crema, Danubio, Dulzura, Fina, Flor de Albuerne, Lira de Oro.

MONTORO Y CUEVA – San Miguel 117 – Catalina, Elías, Empeño, Filmore Ranger, Flor de la Rama, Flor de Montoro y Hermano, Flor de Salvador Montoro y Santiago, General Halleck, Hija de la Habana, India de la Habana, Indios Cubanos, Langier, Lotería, María Picolomini, Montoro, Mora, Orejón, Puntualidad, Sultana, Tropical, Unión Americana.

JOSE MORALES – Campanario 88 – Aguila de Rusia, Flor de la Canela, Flor de Morales, Matilde, Pelícano.

ANTONIO MURIAS Y COMPAÑIA – Zanja 1 – Flor de Murias.

PABLO OCEGUERA – San José 23 – Flor de Pablo Oceguera.

RAMON M. PAJADA – Obispo 31 – Nueva Amistad.

PABLO PARETS – Reina 89 – Broderich, Creación, Esperanza Realizada, Yumurí, Jenny Lind, Los Postres, Rhin, Ritilla, Sancho Panza, Sebastopol, Tomajín.

JAIME PARTAGAS – Industria 158 y 176 – Balsámica, Flor del Tabaco.

FRANCISCO PEREZ DEL RIO – Figuras 32; depósito, Mercaderes 10 – Blasón de Tabacos, Bouquet de Tabacos, Flor de Inés, Flor del Sevillano, Flor de Tabacos de Gusto, General Prim, Legitimidad, Sevillano, Tabacos de Gala, Unica Flor de Río.

JUAN B. DE POSADA – Amargura 45 – Flor de la Clementina.

PADRERA Y FORS – Oficios 56, accesoria B – Catalana, Emperatriz Carlota, Ultramar.

JUAN B. PENICHET – Salud 24 – Aroma y Calidad.

PRESMANES Y SOBRINO – Gervasio 17 – Araucana, Flor de Presmanes y Sobrino, Fortuna de Navajas.

JOSE B. PUMARIEGA – Neptuno 178 – César, Flor de José G. Pumariega, Flor de un Día, La Sublime de Pumariega, Ocho y Nueve de Mayo de 1846, Palo Alto, Río Sena.

JOSE RABELL – Virtudes 97 – Flor de Cuba.

RECALDE Y LLERA – Zanja 71 – Flor de la Moda, Flor de Recalde y Llera, Popular, Rectitud.

RENDUELES Y MENENDEZ – Manrique 118 – Camagüeyana, Flor el Todo, Flor Tropical, Infiesta y Castro, J. Menéndez, Pedrera, Rendueles, Río Feo.

JOSE DE LA RIONDA – Reina 157 – Ancla, Babilonia, Coloso de Santiago, Flor de Domingo Gabalosa, Flor de José de la Rionda, Gibraltar, Isli, Langreo, Legalidad, María Stuart, Mejor de la Habana, Know Nothing, Opera, Pensilvania, Rionda, Silistria, The Guess.

RIVAS, CASTILLO Y COMPAÑIA – Manrique 226 – Fígaro, Flor de la Inteligencia.

ANDRES RODRIGUEZ – Dragones 39 – Earl of Dunmore, Granadier Guard, Flor de S. Juan y Martínez, Tica de Bolton.

NAZARIO RODRIGUEZ – San Ignacio 2 – Flor de Rodríguez.

ROSENDO RODRIGUEZ – Maloja 116 – Almendares, Flor de Rosendo Rodríguez, Ocasión, Puente de Agua Dulce, Relámpago, Unión Universal.

JUAN B. ROMERO – Consulado 91 y 93 – Española, Cosmopolita, Filántropa, Occidental.

MANUEL DE LA SALA – Virtudes 138; depósito, Obispo 15 – Bayamo, Buen Aroma, Dignidad, Eclectic, Engaña Bobos, Extra Malísima, Extra Superior, Flor de las Antillas, Flor de lo Malo, Flor de Sala, Flor Inesperada, Guillermo II, Infra Omnia, Limeña, Malísima, Mejicana, Nada hay Peor, No me Olvides, Our San Juan, Si me Compras te Diviertes, Venenosa, Venezolana.

JUAN A. SALDAÑA – – Alemana.

PEDRO SIERRA – Príncipe Alfonso 13 – Bilbaína, Cervantes, Escocesa.

FRANCISCO G. SOLAR – Jesús María 70 – Flor de Solar.

SANTIAGO SUAREZ – Príncipe Alfonso 319 – Rosa.

JOSE C. TEMES – Cuna 3 – Firmeza, India, Pocaontes, Bella Unión.

TRUEBA Y COMPAÑIA – Angeles 16 – Cometa Viela, Diego Trueba, Il Dolce Farniente, Sol Habanero, Suizos, Torre de Malacof, Ultimatum, Bella de San Luis, Vicálbaro.

TUERO Y ROSALES – Lealtad 102 – Australia, Comercial, Flor de Ramón Rosales y Compañía, Indio, Ninfas del Parque,

UNANUE – Consulado 76 – Arroto Hondo, Flor del Valle, Irurac Bat, Lealtad, Pinar del Río, San Joaquín.

H. UPMANN Y COMPAÑIA – Cuba 64 – Constelación, Flor de la Leña, Flor del Pacífico, Francia, H. Upmann, Japón, Limpia Bandera, Mil Hermosa.

URIARTE Y COMPAÑIA – San Ignacio 14 – Lafayette, Uriarte.

JOSE PABLO VALDES – – Afán, Resolución.

MAXIMIANO VELEZ – Prado 88 – España, Flor de la Patria, Flor de Vélez, Patria, Stug.

VIDAL Y COMPAÑIA – Maloja 12 – Aurora, Bustamante, Florentina, Napoleón, Nueva Empresa, Perfección, Perfección del Tabaco, San Ramón.

VICENTE VIGO – Campanario 117 – Ballina, Gladstone, Integridad, Jovellanos, Lagrange.

J. S. VILARO Y COMPAÑIA – Animas 131 – Cable Roto, Cecilia María, Clara Luz, Derechos de los Estados, Estoy en Regla, States’ Rights, Vicente Martínez Peña.

ALEJANDRO DE VILLAR – San Miguel 156 – A. de Villar y Villar, Flor de Villar y Villar, Jorge Juan, Viriato.

ANSELMO ZAMORA – Campanario 156 – Rosarito.

BERNARDO ZENARRO – Oficios 13 – Castilla y Aragón.

JUAN M. ZUMALACARREGUI Y COMPAÑIA – Manrique 126 – Flor de Zumalacarregui, Modelo.

Cigarrerías de 1ra.

JUAN CAMACHO – Sol 11.

EDUARDO GUILLÓ – Oficios 23 y Obrapía 3.

JOAQUIN PORTO – Obispo 25.

BERNARDINO RENCURRELL – Merced 39.

L. SUSINI E HIJO – Cuba 83 y Obispo 15.

Cigarrerías de 2da.

FELIX ARNAU – Príncipe 12.

JUAN CASELLAS – Sol 16.

FRANCISCO DE LA COSTA – San Ignacio 86.

FERMIN FERNANDEZ – Lamparilla 4.

ANTONIO GARCIA – Amargura 83.

PEDRO IZQUIERDO – Príncipe 101 y 301.

JOAQUIN JIMENEZ – Bernaza 16.

LLAGUNO Y COMPAÑIA – Cuba 37.

CONSTANTINO MARTINEZ – O’Reilly 69.

ANTONIO ODENA – Chacón 5.

DESIDERIO DE LA PAZ – Reina 41.

VENTURA PERPIÑANA – Desamparados 44.

MANUEL ROCHS – Maloja 31.

RUANO Y COMPAÑIA – Ricla 109.

BRIGIDO ZABALA – Reina 43.

 

LIST # 2:

(Taken from the book Cuba with Pen and Pencil, by Samuel Hazard …Haltford, Conn. 1871)

APPENDIX.

A LIST OF SOME OF THE PRINCIPAL CIGAR MANUFACTURERS,

Their residences, and the brands for which they are specially celebrated, useful for dealers, and those smokers who, accidentally, come across any of these brands, and wish to order direct from the makers.

ACOSTA, FACUNDO (Bejucal).-Cleopatra, Facundo, Maravilla, Palmito, Tres Gracias.

ALONSO, VALENTIN (Havana). - Alonso Fernandez, Flor de Mi gusto, Flor de Rio Seco, Flor de Valentin Alonso, Mis dos Hijas, Whitman.

ALVAREZ, CASIMIRO (Santiago de lasVegas).-Celeste Imperio, Flor de Casimiro Alvarez.

ALVAREZ, JULIAN (Havana).-Camilo Muro, Flor de Franco P. Alvarez, Flor de Julian Alvarez, Francisco A. de Grande, Henry Clay, Primera Diana, Selecta.

ALVEREZ, MYANO (Bejucal).-Clay, Calhoun and Webster, Nueva Empresa, Recreo.

ALLONES, ANTONIO (Havana).-Confederacion, Confederacion Suiza, Republica Argentina, Republica de Chile, Republica Peruana, Rey del Mundo, Uruguay.

AMARO Y CA., F. (Havana).-General Grant, Johnson, Orotava.

AMAT, PAGUAGA Y CA. (Havana).-Avilesina, Boa, Gloria, Recinto de Nervion.-

ANDREU Y CA,.JOSE (Havana).-Angelita, Designio, Inesita, San Francisco.  

ARANGO, VALENTIN (Havana). – Aguila Especial, Caliope, Cautiva, Flor de Solon, Flor de Valentin Arango, Stars and Stripes. 

ARGUELLES Y HERMANOS, JOAQ. DE (Havana). - Arguelles y Hermanos, Flor de Arguelles y Hos, Flor de Joaq. Arguelles, Humboldt.

ARRIGUNAGA, FERNANDO (Havana).-Flor de Arrigunaga, Flor del Arte, Jockey Club. 

BOCK Y CA. (Havana). -A. Bacallao y Ca., Aguila de Oro, Fausto, Flora Apiciana, Moscovita, Perla del Pacifico, Principe de Orange, Raleigh, Royal Engineers.

BARCENAS, RAMON DE LAS (Havana).-Churruca, Lord Nelson, Manco de Lepanto, Sena.

BASTARRECHEA, L.-Cachucha, Flor de Bastarrechea, Vega del Jaguey.

BECI Y HERMANO, MANUEL (Havana).-Antoñica, Ermita, Rey de Wiirtemberg.

CABARGA Y CA., A. (Havana). - Albertina, Cabarga y Lopez, Carona.

CABARGA CA., J. DE (Havana).-Flor de los Tobacos Habanos, Jose de Cabarga y Ca. CANDEMIL., JOSE L. (Havana).-Coloso, Encanto, Encanto de Matilde, Estrella Fija, Gota de Agua, Know Something, Moctezuma, Plenty of Room, Reina de las Antillas, Reina del Golfo.

CARBAJAL, L. (Havana). - Camelia del Japon, Carbajal y Carbajal, Dos Carbajales, Horcon, Peña la Deva.

CARUNCHO, ANTO. (Havana). - Intimidad, Marques de Caxia, Super Omnia.

CARO Y CA. (Havana). - Flor de Cuba, Superior de Cuba.

CASTILLO Y SUAREZ, JOSE (Havana). - Aguila Francesa, Figaro, Noriega, Primor Habanero, Pruebese, Rosa Habanera..

CLISEN,JOSE J. (Havana).-Esmero, Fuego, Maria Antonieta, Vuelta aI Rio.

CODINA, JAIME (Havana). -Cinto de Orion, Flor de Codina, Lirio, Redowa, Rifle. COMAS Y CA. (Bejucal). - Carina, Cosecha de 1863, Flor de Aroma, Fundada Esperanza, Habana Industrial, Idea; Niña, Nuevo Mundo, Quinta Esencia.

CONILL., JUAN (Bejucal).-Juan Conill.

CORDIER, ISIDRO (Pinar del Rio).-Anela de Rio-Hondo.

CORUJO, LUIS (Havana).-Camarioca, Comerciante, Flor de Corujo, Hija del Regimiento, Punch.

COSTALES, BERNDO. (Santiago de las Vegas).-Clavel de Santiago, Flor de Mayo, Flor de Recio y Costales, Libano.

CUETO Y HERMANO, LUIS (Havana).-Aleazar, Aromaticos, Caimana, Chata, Chilena, Delicias Tropicales, Diamante, Elia, Emilia, Flor de Jose Cueto, Manuel Reina, Granadina, Merrimac y Monitor, Peninsular.

CHINCHURRETA Y DUARTE (San Antonio de log Banos).-Aralar, Cabinet, Chinchurreta y Duarte, Diogenes, Flor de Duarte y Ca., Flor de Manrico, Juan de Chinchurreta, Para la Grandeza, Que se yo? Resalaa.

DIAZ, BANCES Y CA. (Havana).-A No. 1, Almirante de Ruyter, Bellamar,Carolina, Flor de Diaz, Bances y Ca., Flor de P. Bances, Flor de Tomas Dias, Gen. McClellan, Mariscal Villars, Old Abe, Princesa Dagmar, Un grano fui.

DIAZ, LUIS (Santiago de las Vegas).-Arabella, Chile, Flor de Luis Diaz, Florida, Modelo de la Antiguedad.

ESTRADA Y CA., A. (Havana).-Especialidad, Flor de Castello y Ca., Luisa Miller,  Para mi?, Paseo.

FERNANDEZ TUNON, FRANCISCO (Havana).-Constancia, Pajaro del Oceano, Torre de Tavira.

FERRERIA Y HERMO, (Havana). - Eleccion, Orbe.

FOS Y CA., V. (Pinar del Rio).-Catalana, Eldorado, Emperatriz Carlota, Ultramar.

GARABALOSA, D. (Havana).-Ancla, Babilonia, Coloso de Santiago, Flor de D. Garbalosa, Flor de Jose Rionda, Gibraltar, Guess, Isli, Langreo, Legalidad, Maria Stuart,

Mejor de la Habana, Opera, Pensllvania, Perla de Santiago, Silistria.

GARCIA Y MAZA (Havana).-Andrew Johnson, Rubi, Sultan.

GARCIA Y CA.,FELIX (Havana). - Alvaro de Bazan, Capitolio, Flor de Arroyave, Flor de Europa, Flor de Royales, Flor de Vigo, Jupiter, M. P. Mirat, Niña Adelina,

Niño Eduardito, Victoria Regia.

GARCIA, JOSE ANTO. (Havana).-Flor de J. A. Garcia, Gobernador Stanley, Great Eastern, Iberia, Ingenuidad, J. A..Garcia, Kladderadatsch, Legitima Ambrosia, Legitima de Garcia, Nicotiana, Ponton, Raquel, Rosa de California, Telemaco.

GARCIA Y LLERA, M. (Havana).-Alfonso, Apostolica, Aprobacion, Catolica, Consuelo, Duque Emesto, Manuel Garcia, Monitor, Nilo, Reina, Rey del Mar, Rivera, Romana.

GONZALEZ, CASTRO Y CA. (Havana).-Josefina, Manola.

GONZALEZ, EULOGIO (Havana).-Africana, Ella, Ernst Merck, Incognita, Mi Madre, Mi Suegra, Mozart, Ramillete de Aromas, Rapidez.

GONZALEZ, J. H. (Havana).-Aguila de Diamante, Central Park, Curiosidad, Dos Sofias, Florida Blanca, Mensagero, Scotch Fusilier Guards.

JANE Y GENER. (Havana).-Cruz de Malta, Escepcion, Monopolizacion, Vuelta Abajo.

LARRAÑAGA Y CA. (Havana).-Alexander II., Guipuzcoana, Por Larranaga, Ready and Rough.

LOPEZ ANTONIO (Havana).-Flor de Anto. Lopez y Ca., Paz de China, Prototipo, Rosa del Valle, Sublime de A. Lopez.

LOPEZ Y FAJO (Havana).-Esmero de Arroyave, Esquisitos, Flor Agricola, Flor de Fajo, Flor de Mata y Garcia, Flor de Torres y Lopez, Joven America, Sirena, Tiempo.

LOPEZ Y TRUJILLO, DIEGO (Santiago de las Vegas).-Diego Lopez y Trujillo, Flor Chinesca, Flor de Santiago, Julia, Mina de Oro, Turca.

LLERA, VENANCIO DE LA (Havana).-Consecuente, Flor de la Moda, Flor de Recalde y Llera, Popular, Rectitud.

MARINAS, MANUEL (Havana).-Flor de Bengoechea, Flor de Marinas, Guillermo Tell, Incomparable, Inmejorable, Judit, Manuel Marinas, Montañesa, Perla del Tabaco, Primavera, Real, Reina de la Habana, Tino,

MARRERO, MANUEL (Bejucal).-Aroma del Balsamo, Balsamo y Aroma, Black Warrior, Conchita, Palmeta; Para los Aficionados.

MARTINEZ IBOR, VICENTE (Havana).- Criolla, Fin, Mas Selecta, Mina Cubana, Mis Tres Medallas, Principe de Gales, Tres Diosas.

MATO, PEDRO (Santiago de las Vegas). - Dos Hermanos, General Grant; Peñon, Pureza de Mato, Sol de Santiago, Venturina, Visitadora.

MENENDEZ Y SUAREZ (Havana).-Boschetti, Camagueyana, Flor de Renduelas y Menendez, Flor el Todo, Flor Tropical, Infiesta y Castro, J. Menendez, Pedrera, Rio Feo.

MESTRE, A. B. (Havana).-Elvira, Estrella de Chile.

MORALES, M. A. (Havana). - Encanto de Cuba, Flor de J. Ares, Flor de J. M.M., Realidad.

MORALES, JOSE, (Havana). - Aguila de Rusia, Celina, Flor de Canela, Flor de Morales, Lord Rivers, Matilde, Mayerbeer, Pelicano.

MURIAS, GARCIA Y CA. (Havana) -Balmoral, Flor de los campos de Cuba, Meridiana, Palacio de Cristal, Reserva, Walter Scott.

PANDO Y CA., J.(Havana). - Acuerdo, Alba, Caoba, Crema, Danubio, Dulzura, Fina, Flor de Albuerne, Lira de Oro.

PARETS Y CA., SALVADOR (Havana).- Army and Navy Club, Broderick, Caminante, Coloso de Rodas, Cometa, Cotorra, Creacion, Esperanza Realizada, Jardin, Jenny Lind, Magnifica, Parets y Pons, Perro, Postres, Rhin, Ritilla, Sancho Panza, Sebastopol, Tomeguin, Yumuri.

PARTAGAS, JAIME, (Havana). - Balsamica, Flor de Tabacos.

PEREZ DEL RIO, FO. (Havana). - Blason de Tabacos, Bouquet de Tabacos, Flor Escepcional, Flor de Ines, Flor del Sevillano, Flor de Tabacos de Gusto, General Prim,

Legitimidad, Merito, Rio de la. Plata, Sevillano, Tabacos de Gala, Unica Flor de Rio.

PRESMANES Y SOBRINO, (Havana). - Araucana, Flor de Presmanes y Sobrino, Fortuna de Navajas.

PUMARIEGA, J. G. (Havana).- Cesar, Flor de Jose G. Pumariega, Flor de Un dia, Incognito, J. G. P., Palo Alto, Reformador, Rio Sella, Sublime de Pumariega.

RICO MANUEL, (Santiago de las Vegas). - Benigno Rico, Habanos, Lima, Luna, Luna Llena, Manuel Rico, Media Luna.

RODRIGUEZ, ANDRES, (Havana). - Earl of Dunmore, Flor de S. Juan y Martinez,. Granadier Guards, Isleñita Cubana, Tica de Bolton.

RODRIGUEZ, ARIAS Y CA. (Havana).-Almendares, Felicidad de R. Rodriguez,

Flor de R. Rodriguez, Ocasion, Puente de Agua Dulce, Relampago, Rico Habano, Union Universal.

ROGER Y CA., PEDRO, (Santiago de las Vegas).- Ramo, Rosa de Santiago.

ROMAY, JULIAN, (Havana). - Adela, Cisne, Competencia de Romay, Flor de Romay, Ria de Vigo, Rudesinda, Tres Primos.

ROMERO, JUAN B. (Havana).-Cosmopolita, Española, Filantropa, Occidental.

ROSALES Y TUERO, (Havana). - Australia, Comercial, Flor de Creta, Flor de Ramon Rosales y Ca., Flor de Tuero y Rosales, Indio, Ninfas del Parque, Ristori, Traviata.

SALA, MANUEL ,DE LA, (Havana). - Bayamo, Buen Aroma, Dignidad, Eclectic, Engaña Bobos, Extra Malisima, Extra Superior, Flor de las Antillas, Flor Inesperada, Flor de lo Malo, Flor de Sala, Guillermo II, Infra Omnia, Limeña, Malisima, Mejicana, Nada hay peor, No me Olvides, Our St. John, Si me compras te diviertes, Venenosa, Venezolana.

SALAZAR Y CA., TOMAS, (Havana). - Buen Gusto, Feliz Habana, Flor de la

Habana, Flor de Llavina, Flor de Salazar, Imperial, Laureles de la India, Hariscal, Regina, Rosa de Georgia, Rosalia, Serafina, Trieste, Verdi.

SOLAR, FRANCO. G. (Havana). - Flor de Solar, Risita.

TEMES, JOSE C. (Havana).-Bella Union, Firmeza, India, Pocahontas.

TRUEBA, DIEGO (Havana).- Belencita, Bella de San Luis, Cometa Viela, Diego Trueba, Dolce Farniente, Sol Habanero, Suizos, Torre de Malakoff, Ultimatum, Vicalbaro.

UNANUE Y HO. (Havana). - Arroyo Hondo, Flor del Valle, Irurac-Bat, Lealtad, Pinar del Rio, Par Unanue, Rio San Joaquin.

UPMAMN Y CA., H. (Havana).-Constelacion, Flor de la Leña, Flor del Pacifico, Francia, H. Upmann, Japon, Limpia Bandera, Mil Hermosa.

VALDES, JOSE PABLO (Havana).-Afan, J. Pablo Valdes, Resolucion.

VELEZ, MAXIMINO (Havana). - España, Flor de la Patria, Flor de Velez, Lord Palmerston, Pabellon Prusiano, Patria, Slug.

VIDAL Y CA. (Havana).-Aurora, Bustamante, Florentina, Napoleon III, Nueva Empresa, Perfeccion, Pretension, San Roman.

VILLAR, ALEJANDRO (Havana). - A. de Villar y Villar, Flor de Villar y Villar, Jorge Juan, Viriato.

ZELLER, AMANDO (Havana). - Anzuelo, Columnas de Ambos Mundos, Fiel, Flor de Amando, Pilotos, Recuerdo, Zuavo.

ZUMALACARREGUI Y CA., JUAN M. (Havana).- Fatimita, Buenos Aires, Flor de Zumalacarregui, Introduccion, Modelo, Palmira, Vazcongado.

 

LIST # 3:

(Taken from the book Léxico Tabacalero Cubano, by José E. Perdomo … Habana 1940)

(Directory of Cigar Manufacturers inscribed in the "Registry of Exporting Manufacturers" of the National Commission for Propaganda and Defense of Havana Tobacco, an Official Organism of the Government of the Republic of Cuba)

.Lista de Marcas Comerciales y Direccion Postal y Cablegrafica de cada Fabricante.

(List of Trade Marks and Postal and CableAddress of each Manufacturer)
 

1. - Razon social (firm name) : Fernandez, Palicio y Cia, S. en C.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

Belinda - El Vinyet - Flor de Fernandez Garcia - Gener - Gioconda - Gladstone - Habanos - Hoyo de Monterrey - La Emperatriz de la India - La Escepcon - La Gloria.de Inglaterra - La Iberia - La Sin Par - Las Perlas – Palicio - Punch - Santa Felipa - Smart Set - Vuelta Abajo.

 

2. - Razon social (firm name) : Martinez y Cia.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks) :

Antilla Cubana - C. E. Beck y Cia. - Fine - Flor de Miramar - Frank Halls - King of Havana - La Devesa de Murias - La Feriada - La Flora de Dascall - La Flor de Pedro Miro y Cia. - La Flor de Zavo - La Imperiosa – La Ranesa - Los Statos de Luxe - Mapa Mundi - Ricoro - Santa Rosalia - Sol - Troya.

 

3. - Razon social (firm name) : For Larrañaga, Fabrica de Tabacos, S. A.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

El Torcillo - Flor de Cimiente - Flor de Zavo - Habanos 1834 - La Atlanta - La Flor de Alvarez - La Gloria - La Legitintidad ~ Petronio - Por Larranaga.

 

4. - :Razon social (firm name) : Calixto Lopez y Cia.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Tra.de Marks) :

Calixto Lopez - Eden - Flor de Lopez Hermanos – Francisco C. Bances – La Mejor - Lopez Hermanos - Los Reyes de España – Morro Castle.

 

5.- Razon social (firm name) : Menendez. Garcia y Cia. Ltda..

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks) :

El Patio- H. Upmann - Monte Cristo - Particulares.

 

6.-Razon social (firm name): Rey del Mundo Cigar Company.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Tra,de Marks) :

Casamontez - Cuesta-Rey - Don Candido - Don Ricardo - El Collado - El Uruguay - Fausto - Flor de Allones – Flor de Marques - Flor de Milamores - Flor de Rafael Gonzalez - Fragus de Cuba - La Confederacion Suiza - La Seductiva - La Salera - Rey del Mundo - Sancho Panza - San Sebastian.

 

7. - Razon social (firm name) : Romeo y Julieta, Fabrica de Tabacos, S. A.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

Don Pepin - Falman - Flor de Rodriguez, Arguelles y Cia. - His Majesty - La Mar - Maria Guerrero - Romeo y Julieta.

 

8. - Razon social (firm name) : Castaneda-Montero-Fonseca, S. A.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks) :

Castaneda - El Genio - Filoteo - Fonseca - Hamlet - J. Montero y Cia. - Lurline - Para Mi - Real Carmen - Rotario.

 

9.-Razon social (firm name): Fabrica de Tabacos F. Solaun, S.A.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

Baire - Boccacio - Figaro - Flor de Solaun - La Nacional.

 

10. - Razon social (firm name): Cifuentes, Pego y Cia.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

Caruncho - Cifuentes - Corojo - El Cambio Real – El Marques de Caxias - Flor de Alma - Flor de Caruncho - Flor de F. Pego Pita - Flor de P. Rabell - Flor de Tabacos - Flor de Tabacos de Partagas y Cia. - Gayarre - La Eminencia - La Flor de J. A. Bances - La Inmejorable - La Insuperable - La Intimidad - La Lealtad - La Tropical - Marques de Rabell - Mi Necha - Modelo de Cuba – Nada Mas - Osceola - Partagas - Partagas & Co. - Partagas y Compañia - Prudencio Rabell - Rallones - Ramon Allones.

 

11. - Razon social (firm name) : Zamora y Guerra.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks) :

Belanza - Coranbo - La Flor de Santa Gertruda - La Loma - La Noble Habana - Landsdown - La Zona - Lions - Saint Luis Rey.

 

12. - Razon social (firm name) : Eduardo Suarez Murias y Cia.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Tra,de Marks) :

La Radiante - Reva.

 

13, - Razon social (firm name) : Manuel Fernandez Argudin.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks) :

Argudin - Eslava - La Cordialidad - Macabeus – Manuel Fernandez.

 

14.- Razon social (firm name) : J. F. Rocha y Cia., S. en C.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks) :

Bolivar - Flor de Ambrosio - El Crepusculo - La Gloria Cubana - La Glorieta Cubana - La Navarra - La Petenera - Nene.

 

15. - Razon social (firm name): Tabacalera Cubana, S. A.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

A. de Villar y Villar - Antonio y Cleopatra - Arlington - Balmoral - Bock & Co; - Cayos de San Felipe - Clara Maria - Cortina Mora – Cuba - Cubanola - Delmonico's - Don

Quijote de la Mancha - Dos Cabañas ~ El Aguila de Oro - El Aguila Imperial - El Fenix - El Pueblo - El Siboney - Estella - Eureka - Flor de Cortina - Flor de F. de P. Alvarez -Flor de Garcia - Flor de Gumersindo - Flor de J. S. Murias y Cia. - Flor de M. Lopez y Cia. - Flor de  Monte Carlo - Flor de Pedro Roger - Flor de Segundo Alvarez - General R. E. Lee - Habana Club - Hamilton Club - H. de Cabanas y Carbajal - Jose Domingo - Joya de San Luis - Justicia al Merito - Katherine & Petruchio - La Africana – La Alhambra - .La Antigiiedad - La Aristocratica - La California - La Capitana - La Carolina - La Comercial – La Corona - La Coronilla - La Crema de Cuba - La Española - La Flor de A. Lopez - La Flor de Cuba - La Flor de Henry Clay - La Flor de Juan Chao - La Flor de Murias - La Flor de Naves - La Flor de Ynclan - La Indiferencia - La Meridiana - La Opulencia - La Paz de China - La Perfeccion - La Perla de Cuba - La Princesa de Gales - La Prominente - La Prosperidad - La Reina del Oriente - La Reserva – La Rosa Aromatica - La Rosa de Santiago - La Savoie – La Selecta - La Tosca - La Traviata - La Vencedora - La Ventana - La Virtud - L. Carbajal - Lincoln - Lords of England - Manuel Garcia Alonso - Manuel Lopez y Cia. – Pedro Murias y Ca. - Privilegio - Puck - Santa Damiana - Shakespeare - The Derby - Victor Hugo - Waldorf – Waldorf Astoria - Walter Scott.

 

16. - Razon social (firm name) : The Fernandez-Havana Cigar Co.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks) :

Amor de Cuba - Casco de Oro- D'on Alfonso - El Bataclan - Flor del Todo - Jose Jimenez Perez - La Bonita – La Democracia - Lord Beaconsfield - Mascota.

 

17. - Razon social (firm name) : Jose L. Piedra.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks) :

Jose L. Piedra - Ovalo Rojo - Piedra.

 

18. -Razon social (firm name) : Lobeto y Cia., S. en C.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

Casin - Flor de Lobeto.

 

19. - Razon social (firm name) : Rogelio Cuervo y Aguirre.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks) :

La Diosa - Magnolia - Rigoletto.

 

20. - Razon social (firm name) : B. Menendez y Hno.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

El Rico Habano - Flor de R. Barcia - La Prueba.

 

21.-Razon social (firm name): C. del Peso y Cia.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

Flor de Juan Lopez - Flor de Tomas Gutierrez - La Igualdad - Pierrot.

 

22.- Razon social (firm name) : Pita Hnos.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks) :

Caribe - Pita - Pita Hnos.

 

23. - Razon social (firm name) : Agustin Quintero y Cia.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

El Cañon Rayado - La Riqueza - Quintero y Hno.

 

24. - Razon social (firm name) : Juan Cano Sainz.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

Caracol - La Flor de Cano - La Rica Hoja - Trocadero.

 

25. - Razon social (firm name) : Oliver y Hno.

Marcas Comerc.iales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

La Cachimba - Oliver.

 

26. - Razon social (firm name) : Jose Sixto Valdes.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks) :

Figueras.

 

27. - Razon social (firm name): Simon Vela Pelaez.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

Gispert.

 

28. - Razon social (firm name) : Rodriguez, Montero y Cia.

El Trio - La Primadora.

 

29. -Razon social (firm name): Daniel Blanco y Cia.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks) :

Konuko - Mundial.

 

30. - Razon social (firm name) : Francisco Farach.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

Flor de Farach.

 

31. - Razon social (firm name) : Pardo, Hno. y Cia.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

El Credito.

 

32. - Razon social (firm name) : Julio Gonzalez.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Mark) :

Minerva.

 

33. - Razon social (firm name) : Estrada y Cia., Soc. Ltda.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks) :

Estrada.

 

34. - Razon social (firm name) : Compania Industrial Tabacalera, S. A.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

Daiquiri - Eloisa - La Bayadera -Pirata - William.

 

35.-Razon social (firm name): C. Rivero Alvarez.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

Fedia - Mi Ideal- Santos Suarez.

 

36. - Razon social (firm name): Andres Rodriguez Velazquez.

Marcap. Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks) :

La Dulzura.

 

37. - Razon social (firm name) : Manuel Hernandez Garcia.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

El Campesino.

 

38. - Razon social (firm name) : Roberts & Co.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

Almendares - La Exportadora - Perla del Oceano.

 

39. - Razon social (firm name) : Gabino Campos Beltran.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trade Marks):

Gabino Campos.

 

40. - Razon social (firm name) : Desiderio M. Camacho.

Marcas Comerciales Inscriptas (Registered Trillde Marks):

La Flor de Lis.

 

 

“OLD BUILDINGS OF CIGAR FACTORIES”

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